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Live the spirit of Christmas in Mallorca

15/12/2021
bird in the nature

In our villages (as in many places across Europe) the hustle and bustle of the Christmas season is upon us. The lights are lit, Nativity scenes are being finished off, choirs are rehearsing their carols, bakeries are preparing the traditional cocas and turrones, and you can sense the children’s excitement… Christmas in Mallorca means celebrating with family and friends and enjoying the little things in life like our traditional food, long conversations at the table after eating, lovely walks in the countryside, relaxing by the crackling fire, getting the house ready for receiving guests and sharing gifts, giving happiness, love, companionship, smiles, serenity… in other words, good times that will become memories to be treasured forever. We want to share with you some of our favourite traditions from this time of year.   

 

A Legendary Nativity Scene


The Nativity scene, manger scene or crib has its origins in the Middle Ages. The first Christmas celebration where there was a Nativity scene took place on Christmas Eve in 1223, when Saint Francis of Assisi decided to recreate Jesus’s birth in a cave near the hermitage at Greccio (Italy).

 

bethlehem

 

Mallorca is home to the oldest Nativity scene in Spain. The beautiful crib scene dates from 1480 and has been attributed to the Neapolitan sculptors, Pietro and Giovanni Alamanno. At the time Naples was the birthplace of this craft. The cities of Palma and Naples share a common history that goes back to the thirteenth century, which is when the story of this ancient Nativity scene began.  

Its Gothic sculptures are from a period in which cribs were only depicted in the form of paintings or altarpieces. It consists of 15 original pieces: Saint Joseph, the Virgin Mary, the sheep, the dogs and a pair formed by the ox and donkey. The remaining pieces were added in later periods. 

 

nature

 

There is an aura of legend around the arrival of the Nativity scene on the island. Hanging next to the chapel where the Nativity is now displayed there is a painting, now almost blackened with time, but which at one time depicted a boat, which serves as a clue. The chronicler, Francisco Bordoy, describes how in 1536 Captain Domingo Gangome was lost with his ship in the middle of a great storm opposite the Bay of Palma. In his desperation, he promised God that he would give one of the seven Nativity scenes that he was carrying on board to whomever helped him reached land. Just then he saw a small light twinkling in the darkness. It came from the monastery of Our Lady of the Angels of Jesus.  

 

This celestial lighthouse meant he was able to guide his ship to shore. To show his gratitude he donated one of the sets to the monastery, unaware that it was the most valuable of all the Nativity scenes that he was transporting. This is how it ended up in a modest church in Palma de Mallorca. More than two centuries ago it was moved to La Sang Church, where it is on display all year round.  

 

Some other Nativity scenes that are also worth a visit in Palma are Cort, Ses Caputxines, Palau March, Centre Social Sa Nostra…

 

bethlehem

 

Not as old but of exceptional quality because their originality and the amount of work that goes into them are the Nativity scenes in the town of Felanitx, which is very near our Inturotel hotels. You can start at the one by the Casa de Cultura (created by the craftsperson who won last year’s prize for the best Nativity scene), and there you can collect a map that shows the location of the different Nativity scenes that you can visit. Don’t miss a trip to the parish church of San Miguel, in the daylight the pinkish colours and intricate stone carving of its façade are extremely beautiful.

 

La nit de Nadal (Christmas Eve)
 
Christmas Eve is a magical night that the whole island experiences with emotion. It is a night when we join with family around the table, after participating in the sumptuousness of a festivity whose origins have been lost in time. This is the celebration of the liturgy of Matines (Mallorcan Midnight Mass or Matutinum in Latin) which was once celebrated at midnight and originally before the dawn (at 6am).

 

christmas dinner

 

Although not all those attending this religious service are believers, many are drawn by a very special performance, the Song of the Sibyl. These days it is usually sung by a woman dressed in a beautiful gown, holding aloft a magnificent sword, but originally it could only be sung by the clergy or children.  

The Sibyl was a prophetess from classical mythology who foresaw the end of the world. She was introduced into and adapted to Christianity thanks to the simple analogy between her prophecy and the idea of the Last Judgement in the Bible.

The Song of the Sibyl is a liturgical drama with a Gregorian melody that spread widely throughout southern Europe during the Middle Ages. The first documentation about the Song of the Sibyl in the Cathedral of Mallorca dates from 1360-1363. The oldest version with music and lyrics written in Mallorcan is in a choirbook of a fifteenth-century convent.

 

Mallorca and Alguero (in Sardinia) are the only two places in the world where the song has survived as a tradition stretching from the late Middles Ages to the present. UNESCO placed it on the list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity on 16 November 2010.

 

If you have the chance to visit Mallorca at Christmas, we recommend you check the different times of Matines in the churches of Felanitx. A particularly special service because of the ancient music that is played live is held in the Church of Sant Alfons.

 

After the spiritual and/or musical enjoyment, a lovely family dinner awaits, rounded off with a delicious hot chocolate with a coca de Nadal. Scrumptious!

 

typical mallorcan sweet

 

If you would like to discover more about how we celebrate Christmas in Mallorca you can stay at one of our Esmeralda Villas FREESTYLE by Inturotel, now open all year round and which offer complete comfort by the sea, the Mallorcan sun and all the peace and quiet you deserve.

 

Let’s make these Christmas holidays a reason to take it more slowly, be more mindful and think about what makes us happy… we’ll probably find the answer is making other people happy.  

 

Bon Nadal i Bones Festes! ¡Feliz Navidad y Felices Fiestas! Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays!

 

 

 

 

 

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Discover Mallorca’s prehistory at Closos de Can Gaià
19/08/2022
Discover Mallorca’s prehistory at Closos de Can Gaià
“Closos de Can Gaià” is an outstanding example of a Mallorcan prehistoric archaeological site. It is a short distance from Portocolom, an old fishing port that has kept its traditional seafaring charm, and it is close to coves and natural spaces where you can enjoy the Mediterranean and just a few kilometres from Cala d’Or and your inturotel hotel.   A Mallorcan prehistoric archaeological site Here you can find a small village that was inhabited between 2000 and 700 bc, where five prehistoric naveta (little ship) houses are currently preserved from an original total of at least 10. These houses take their name from their distinctive shape, which resembles the keel of an upside-down boat. But what were navetas? What were they used for? Navetas, or naviforms, were the houses of the communities that inhabited the Balearic Islands during the Bronze Age. They were made of dry stone, without any type of mortar or cement, and had a roof made of wood, branches and compacted clay and an elongated horseshoe floor plan.     Who lived in these houses? This might be one of the hardest questions to answer, as these homes were built thousands of years ago and were inhabited for over seven centuries in some cases. We now believe that each of them was home to what we call a “domestic or residential group”: in other words. people who shared a common space where they did their everyday activities (sleeping, eating, working, etc.) and who were not necessarily a family in the contemporary sense of a group of relations.   What was life like in a village 3,000 years ago? Obviously, it was different to now, but this did not necessarily mean it was worse. We have to do a process of archaeological imagination, based on the large amount of scientific data obtained over almost 100 years of archaeological research. We are in a Mallorca that had a much smaller population, was less built-up and where navetas were almost the only monuments that stood out in a landscape that combined wooded areas with open areas for growing crops and pasture for livestock closer to the villages, forming a patchwork landscape.     What can I visit at the Closos site? The site is open all year round and entry is free. There is a self-guided itinerary through which you can discover how the prehistoric communities of Mallorca lived over 3,000 years ago. There is also a reconstruction of the prehistoric botanical landscape, which allows you to explore the environment of the past and the relations these societies established with nature. Finally, there is a children’s area with prehistoric and archaeological themes where they can have fun, and comfortable picnic tables where you can rest and eat.   Guided activities for learning about history in Mallorca You can combine your visit to the site with a wide range of activities for everyone. Would you like to go on a guided tour led by the archaeologists who work on the site? Or would you like to learn to shoot with a sling or make a bronze axe like in prehistoric times? You can even become an archaeologist for the day by taking part in the excavations. If you are interested in any of these options, contact us in advance through our social networks (@ProjecteClosos) or at the email address clososgaia@hotmail.com The Closos site is managed by Projecte Closos, an initiative led by Felanitx council and the Universitat de les Illes Balears (UIB), which was launched in 1996 with the aim of making archaeological heritage relevant to 21st century Mallorcan society. With the support of the public, we protect, research and publicise this site to make it a centre for local, sustainable development from the perspective of culture, the environment and people      Combine your historical visit with a pleasant bike ride Take advantage of your visit to the site to enjoy a pleasant bike ride through the beautiful scenery on the way. The Marimonte Mallorca team are waiting for you at inturotel resort with all of the equipment needed for your ride. The site is 8.5 kilometres from our resort. This means that the ride to your destination takes about 45 minutes, following the road from Can Marines to Sa Vileta (the first houses of S’Horta) and then on the Cala Marçal road towards Portocolom. On the way back, we recommend passing through “Els Horts” (the market gardens of S’Horta) with its beautiful views of the clifftop castle of Santueri. You will fall for the land and the people who live there.   Don’t miss out on the experience of visiting an open-air museum of prehistory on your next trip to Mallorca with inturotel!  
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